Gadani ship breaking yard, 65km east of the Pakistani financial centre Karachi, is one of the world's largest sites for the demolition and disposal of ships for recycling scrap metal. Ship breaking once took place in the ports of industrialised countries but shifted to developing countries over the last century with the lower labour costs and relaxed disposal laws of toxic substances. 

The workers at Gadani beach work under difficult and dangerous conditions, with no unions or labour laws to protect them in the case of injury or compensation for their families in the case of their death. Hundreds die each year from accidents due to poor safety regulations. 

The majority of the labour force carrying out the demolition work are ethnic Pakhtuns and originate from Khyber Pakhtunkhwa province in the north of Pakistan. They work most of the year away from their families, supporting them with meagre salaries generally averaging 5000-7500 Pakistani rupees a month ($60-$85 US) working 6-7 days a week. Scrap metal scavengers, most often ethnic Sindhis or Balochis scourge the beach for fragments of steel and copper that they sell for 30 Pakistani rupees a kilogram (35 cents US). Approximately 6000 workers are currently employed at Gadani beach.

A woman walks along the beach searching for scrap metal at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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Men undertake demolition of a ship at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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Men undertake demolition of a ship at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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The beach at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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A man working at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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The front section of a ship crashes down onto the beach at Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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A young girl scavenging for scrap and  a guard stand on the beach at the Gadani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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Men undertake demolition of a ship at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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Women sought scrap metal at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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Scrap metal within a plot at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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Security Guard Muhammad Haleen, 50 years with his son Muhammad Haleem, 25 years old at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. Muhammad originates from Sawbi, Sarhad Province, Khyber Pakhtunya, 1500km to the north of the country. He has nine children. Muhammad earns 13,000 Pakistani rupees ($150 USD) a month. He lives in a makeshift shack built on the site where he works. He feels there is no respect for employees in his position.
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A glove on the beach within a plot at the Gadani ship breaking yard; Balochistan Province; Pakistan on August 16; 2011.
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Men rest at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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Metal Scavenger Darba, 45 years old at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. She is from Balochistan, a widow and has two children. She lives 20km away and makes money from searching in the waters for small fragments of metal from the ships being broken up along the stretch of beach. She makes money off she finds, 30 Pakistani Rupees ( 25US cents) per kilogram of metal found.
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Men undertake demolition work at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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A man rests at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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Nake Bibi, 45 years old breaks up scrap metal at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. She is from Balochistan, a widow and has three children. She lives 20km away and makes money from searching in the waters for small fragments of metal from the ships being broken up along the stretch of beach. She makes money off she finds, 30 Pakistani Rupees ( 25US cents) per kilogram of metal found.
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Nake Bibi, 45 years old breaks up scrap metal at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. She is from Balochistan, a widow and has three children. She lives 20km away and makes money from searching in the waters for small fragments of metal from the ships being broken up along the stretch of beach. She makes money off she finds, 30 Pakistani Rupees ( 25US cents) per kilogram of metal found.
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A view of the beach and demolition work at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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Women search in shallow waters for scrap metal at the Gadani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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A handful of scrap metal is held my Nazo, 12 years old at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. She has six brothers and sisters. She lives 20km away and makes money from searching in the waters for small fragments of metal from the ships being broken up along the stretch of beach. She makes money off she finds, 30 Pakistani Rupees ( 25US cents) per kilogram of metal found.
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Scrap metal within a plot at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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The boots of scrap metal scavenger Hidayat Ullah, 18 years old at the Gadani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. Hidayat completed high school but has been unable to find other work. He is from Dir Khan, Sarhad Province, Khyber Pakhtunya, 1500km to the north of the country. He has ten siblings, one of whom is a doctor. 
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Women search in shallow waters for scrap metal at the Gadani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011.
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A piece of scrap metal at the Gadani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 17, 2011. He is from Azad, Kashmir province and has eight children.
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A woman sleeps after sorting scrap metal on the beach at Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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Security guard Sher Ali, 31 years old cleans his shotgun of rust with a rock off the beach at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. He is from Balochistan and has three children. He lives on the plot when working. 

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Scavengers Hussein, 18 years old, Waseem, 17 years old and Abdul, 15 years old at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 17, 2011. They once earned 7,000 Pakistani rupees($80 USD) in one day scavenging for metal. 

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A scavenger holds scrap metal at the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 17, 2011. They once earned 7,000 Pakistani rupees($80 USD) in one day scavenging for metal. 

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Scrap metal scavenger Hussein, 18 years old hides metal into his cloting to smuggle out of the Gaddani Ship Breaking Yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 17, 2011. He once earned 7,000 Pakistani rupees($80 USD) in one day scavenging for metal.
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A man prays at dusk during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan at the Gadani ship breaking yard, Balochistan Province, Pakistan on August 16, 2011. 
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